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Top 11 Largest Airplanes in the World

by Selena Davis
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In the last century, aircraft have evolved from being small maneuverable machines propelled by propellers to large potent vehicles propelled by jet turbofan engines. That can reach altitudes of thousands of feet above the surface of the planet. Analyzing factors like dimensions, weight, capacity, and wingspan is necessary to determine which aircraft will the largest to be manufactured. Even though the Airbus A380 currently acknowledged as the largest airplanes in the world. It’s important to keep in mind that there are other types of freight planes as well as experimental designs.

We chose to organize these massive aircraft according to their maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) when creating this list. The maximum allowable weight that an aircraft may lift off known as MTOW. It comprises the total weight of the aircraft plus the weight of the occupants, crew, cargo, and fuel.

Antonov An-225 Mriya

A class of aircraft unto itself the Antonov An-225 “Mriya” positioned at the summit of the hierarchy. The amazing plane aptly dubbed “Dream” in Ukrainian demonstrates the limitless creativity and might of humanity that represents the pinnacle of engineering. Its remarkable specifications are well-known. Its name is An-225 Mriya. It is one of the biggest planes in the world. and it made its flight debut in 1988. The aircraft is remarkable because it can take off with a maximum weight of 640 tons (1,400,000 pounds). At 88.4 meters in length, the aircraft’s wingspan is remarkable. It has a length of 84 meters.

The An-225 is notable for having only ever been built in one piece. Even though it designed and was in the process of being built. The second aircraft was abandoned in a Kyiv storage facility when the Soviet Union collapsed.

However, during Russia’s 2022 invasion of Ukraine. The lone An-225 in service tragically perished. It was near Kyiv as the airfield. Someone launched an attack on the largest airplane. A $500 million repair expected. According to the state-owned Antonov manufacturer in Kyiv. Which has declared its intention to fix the aircraft in light of the current circumstances.

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Scaled Composites Stratolaunch

Launching rockets into space has revolutionized by the unique largest airplanes known as the Stratolaunch. Which built by Scaled Composites as established by Burt Rutan. It is pleased to maintain its title as the world’s largest plane in terms of wingspan measuring a massive 385 feet (117 meters). It serves as a means of launching rockets into space by raising them to high altitudes. Making it a very adaptable and cost-effective space launch method.

The aircraft has six jet engines and two fuselages. The plane designed to carry a maximum payload of 250 tons or 550,000 pounds. But there were difficulties along the way. The unfortunate loss of Paul Allen. The founder of the Stratolaunch project in 2018 was one of several challenges and setbacks it experienced. Though the business shifted its focus from rocket launches to research into hypersonic flight and other aerospace projects Stratolaunch’s future remains uncertain despite completing successful ground and taxi testing. But this largest airplanes. The Scaled Composites Stratolaunch the ideal illustration of audacious technology aimed at the space business.

Lockheed C-5 Galaxy

Reputable for its gigantic size and unmatched capabilities, the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy is a well-known name in the military aviation industry. The C-5 galaxy is one of the largest airplanes in the world. The enormous aircraft built by Lockheed has a unique high-wing configuration and four potent engines. That deliver exceptional speed and torque. A major resource for intercontinental cargo transportation is the spacious cargo bay that can accommodate massive payloads. Including various tanks and helicopters.

Other than its amazing payload capacity it also has an amazing cargo capacity. The sophisticated capabilities of the C-5 Galaxy set it apart from other aircraft. It can bend to load more effectively and its enhanced range enables both in-flight fueling and increased operating reach. The C-5 Galaxy has been a vital component of military logistics for over 50 years despite its initial introduction in the 1960s. The C-5 Galaxy is a crucial component of many worldwide military missions. Including troop deployment and humanitarian relief and continuously improved to meet evolving requirements.

Airbus A380

The “superjumbo” often known as the Airbus A380 is a prime example of the most advanced engineering and technology in aviation. Constructed by the renowned European aerospace company Airbus, the A380 widely recognized as the world’s largest airplanes with an astounding dual-deck arrangement and the ability to carry up to 850 passengers in a single class. The A380 sets a new standard for elegance and convenience of flight with its distinctive broad-body fuselage and wingspan that exceeds 79 meters in length.

In addition to its roomy cabin and upgraded facilities that contribute to a peaceful flying experience. The A380 began offering commercial flights in 2007 and quickly gained popularity among tourists worldwide. Aerodynamics and contemporary materials are used in the A380’s groundbreaking design. To ensure optimal effectiveness and efficiency as it combined with state-of-the-art technology.

The A380 was an initially exciting aircraft but due to the ever-evolving demands of travelers and the shift in preference towards smaller and more environmentally friendly aircraft. It was unable to create a lasting impression on the commercial aviation industry. For this reason in 2019. Airbus announced that the A380 program would discontinued signifying the end of an era for the well-known superjumbo.

Boeing 747

In the aviation business the Boeing 747 sometimes known as the “Queen of the Skies”. It recognized as one of the most well-known and largest airplanes in the world ever constructed. Designed by the massive American aerospace company Boeing, the 747 instantly changed long-distance travel by offering unmatched capacity, size, and passenger capacity. It made its first flight in 1969.

Due to its formidable tail fin and unique humpbacked shape, the 747 quickly became recognized as a symbol of quality in commercial aviation. By providing passengers with the highest level of luxury and comfort as the spacious interior which comprises an extended fuselage with many decks for passengers and completely changed the experience of flying.

Over its long history the 747 has transported millions of passengers and goods over continents and oceans as the main aircraft of many airlines operating throughout the world. The 747’s versatility and adaptability have made it possible for it to be used for a number of purposes such as a passenger plane, a cargo carrier, a vehicle for VIPs, and a headquarters for elite leaders.

Many 747 variants have introduced by Boeing over the years. Including the well-known 747-400 series. Which renowned for having a larger capacity and higher fuel efficiency. Even though it has encountered stiff competition from the newest aircraft as the 747 has managed to attract aviation enthusiasts and retain a devoted fan base among both travelers and airline employees.

Antonov An-124

The Antonov An-124 Ruslan is a remarkable illustration of the technical capabilities of the Antonov Design Bureau. The capacity to plan and build the largest airplanes that as the Antonov Design Bureau in Ukraine has shown are capable of moving incredibly heavy weights. The An-124 is thought to the largest airplane ever built and well known for its incredible cargo capacity. The Ruslan can carry a lot of cargo including various spacecraft and aircraft thanks to its large cargo compartment and high wings. Operational efficiency increased and the special open-and-close mechanisms for the nose and tail speed up loading and unloading.

It is a multipurpose vehicle with an astonishing range of capabilities. An-124 is the ideal option for moving heavy equipment across continents since it is well-suited for long-distance transportation. Despite having its roots in the Cold War era the An-124 is still in use today, serving the needs of commercial and military organizations globally. This underscores the aircraft’s significance and value in today’s aviation industry.

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Antonov An-22

The Antonov Design Bureau used to develop the design. The largest airplanes in the world with turboprop engines is the Antonov An-22 that was built by the Soviet Union’s Antonov Design Bureau. Due to its enormous size and payload capacity, the An-22 is a useful tool for transporting bulky objects when in use. The An-22’s four turboprop engines and unique high-wing design allowed it to easily lift heavy loads over great distances.

The An-22’s enormous cargo compartment and sturdy design allowed it to carry heavy loads, such as military hardware and humanitarian supplies through tough terrain and inaccessible locations. The An-22, which displays the amazing potential of Soviet aviation technology that continues to attract the attention of aviation enthusiasts worldwide even if it not actively used in military missions.

Boeing Dreamlifter

Given its intended use, the Dreamlifter, a modified Boeing 747-400 that is a noteworthy model in the Boeing lineup. This largest airplanes is a massive cargo carrier with one of the largest cargo compartments that is designed to carry major pieces that fully constructed from Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner. This airplane stands out due to its expanded fuselage which designed to hold heavy parts like the wings and other difficult-to-disassemble fuselage elements.

Its unique swing-tail design which opens up the entire tail to the side that sets the Dreamlifter apart from other cargo aircraft. During the process of loading and unloading large components this capability is quite effective. The Dreamlifter is a plane that can transport parts from different vendors across the globe to the Boeing assembly site and despite its peculiar design. This technical achievement shows how important this aircraft is to Boeing’s worldwide supply chain and how it helped produce the 787 a Dreamliner with cutting-edge technology.

Airbus BelugaXL

This Airbus BelugaXL stands out significantly when it comes to large freight aircraft. In comparison to the Airbus A330-200F as it is very different. The BelugaXL has an advantage when it comes to cargo transportation. Because its payload is thirty percent more than that of the original Beluga model. Which was based upon the Airbus A300-600. When it comes to moving airplane parts from European manufacturing plants. Airbus plays a crucial role in the construction of this facility for its own transportation needs.

Airbus’s production operations greatly benefit from the huge cargo space of the BelugaXL which can readily converted to sections of the wings or fuselage. The Beluga XL is unique not only in size but also in appearance and resembling a whale. Unique beauty enhanced by the aircraft’s well-known “smiling” profile and the spacious cargo compartment that rises over the cockpit. Despite the fact that commercial use is not its intended use. With its distinctive appearance and cutting-edge innovations meant to address specific logistical issues, the BelugaXL serves a vital role in the aviation sector.


The North American XB-70 Valkyrie pushes the boundaries of aviation research with its amazing blend of ambition and inventiveness. It designed to serve as a model for a strategic bomber equipped with nuclear weapons and showcasing the incredible potential of this new technology.

Conceived as a high-altitude Mach 3 bomber with novel performance features, the XB-70 Valkyrie is a product of the Cold War era specifically from the 1950s. Optimal high-speed flight was the goal of its graceful design. Which further enhanced by its precisely folded wingtips and sharply slanted nose.

The project terminated as a consequence of a strategic direction evaluation brought about by the changing terrain of anti-aircraft weapon technology. There were only two XB-70s made but they weren’t put to action in combat. Instead, they converted into supersonic research vehicles. Which are essential for studying aerodynamics, heating and other high-speed flying-related topics.

A photo shoot unfortunately ended in the death of an XB-70 aircraft that struck in midair. The National Museum of the United States Air Force situated in Ohio has the aircraft on exhibit.

Hughes H-4 Hercules

Known by many as “the Spruce Goose,” the Hughes H-4 Hercules is a remarkable achievement in aviation history. One of the largest airplanes in the world as the H-4 Hercules was conceived as a flying ferry during World War II and breathtakingly large. With the ability to accommodate two 30-ton M4 tanks or 750 personnel. The Hercules was astoundingly large.

Despite its audacious engineering and design. The H-4 Hercules ran into a number of problems. Including delays in construction and technical issues. Thus, it wasn’t in use until 1947 several years after the war’s conclusion. Despite having only one built prototype and a brief operating lifespan. It is a representation of inventiveness and innovation. The Hughes H-4 Hercules continues to be a stand-in for innovation and quality in the aviation sector.


Lastly there are the top 11 biggest aircraft in the world. With the Antonov An-225 Mriya standing out as the biggest with a maximum takeoff weight of 640 tons. Other noteworthy aircraft include the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy. Airbus A380, Boeing 747, Scaled Composites Stratolaunch, Antonov An-124, Antonov An-22, Boeing Dreamlifter, Airbus BelugaXL, XB-70, and Hughes H-4 Hercules. The advancements in aviation technology and their noteworthy contributions to the sector are exemplified by these aircraft.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is the largest plane in the world?

Antonov An-225 Mriya is the largest airplanes in the world.

How many seats does Antonov AN-225 have?

Antonov AN-225 has 6 seats.

What are the 3 largest planes in the world?

Airbus A380-800, Boeing 747-8 and Boeing 777-300 are the largest airplanes in the world.

Why is there only one Antonov 225?

An AN-225 meticulously planned and constructed in one instance during the 1980s. The first flight of the aircraft occurred late on December 21, 1988. While there was an attempt in the mid-1990s to start another AN-225 production program. It was shelved in 2009 with no prospect of completion.

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